novembre 2017 Guest Post: Against the “More-Is-Better” Principle in Corruption Survey Design Frédéric LESNÉ

A series of recent posts on this blog have addressed a persistent difficulty with corruption experience surveys: the reticence problem–in other words, the reluctance of respondents to give honest answers to questions about sensitive behaviors–which may be caused by fear of retaliation or by “social desirability” bias (fear of “looking bad” to an interviewer) Various […]

novembre 2017 The Elasticity of the Migrant Labour Supply: Evidence from Temporary Filipino Migrants Simone BERTOLI, Jesús FERNÁNDEZ-HUERTAS MORAGA, Sekou KEITA

The effect of immigration on host and origin countries is mediated by the way migrants take their labour supply decisions. We propose a simple way of integrating the traditional random utility maximisation model used to analyse location decisions with a classical labour demand function at destination. Our setup allows us to estimate a general upper […]

novembre 2017 Microeconomic mechanisms behind export spillovers from FDI: evidence from Bulgaria Andrea CIANI, Michele IMBRUNO

This paper studies how the presence of multinational enterprises affects the export performance of Bulgarian manufacturing firms—export spillovers from FDI. Using export data at the firm/product/destination level for the period 2004–2006, it finds positive forward spillover on export value and quantity, related to quality upgrading. Conversely, it finds negative (or insignificant) backward and horizontal spillover […]

novembre 2017 Trois propos sur le financement de la recherche pour le développement Matthieu BOUSSICHAS, Patrick GUILLAUMONT
novembre 2017 How a Results-Based Financing approach can contribute to the health Sustainable Development Goals – Policy-oriented lessons: what we know, what we need to know and don’t yet know Jacky MATHONNAT, Aurore PELISSIER

The ‘results-based financing’ (RBF) approach, an umbrella term, occupies a particularly important place in the debates regarding meeting the challenge of ‘better health for all at all ages’ as stated in the Sustainable Development Goals 3. Our analysis of the RBF schemes results published in the literature underlines five major points. 1. The RBF approach […]

octobre 2017 Vulnerability and Resilience: A Conceptual Framework Applied to Three Asian Countries—Bhutan, Maldives, and Nepal Patrick GUILLAUMONT

This paper presents a conceptual framework for the study of the vulnerability of Bhutan, Maldives, and Nepal with a particular focus on the structural vulnerability. Three kinds of vulnerability have been considered for each country: economic, climatic, and political. Comparative assessment of countries is likewise undertaken using available and comparable indicators, e.g., economic vulnerability index […]

octobre 2017 Cultural proximity: a source of trade flow resilience? Céline CARRERE, Maria MASOOD

While the significant influence of cultural proximity on bilateral trade flows has been extensively documented in the literature, its possible role in times of crisis has not yet been raised. Relying on a panel estimation of a gravity model incorporating cultural proximity parameters, we evidence the existence of a significant surge in the impact of […]

septembre 2017 The same, only different: estimating the magnitude of bribery in business surveys Frédéric LESNÉ

As first shown in Clarke (2011), Word Bank’s Enterprise Surveys data suggest that the magnitude of bribery estimated by firm owners and managers in Africa is considerably higher when estimates are formulated as a percentage of turnover rather than in monetary value. This working paper confirms these findings with a randomized experiment carried out in […]

août 2017 La question des conséquences socio-démographiques des crises économiques et politiques africaines Michel GARENNE

Cette note brève présente un résumé d’études antérieures concernant les impacts inattendus des crises économiques et politiques sur les paramètres socio-démographiques et sanitaires. Ces études sont présentées en détail dans un document de travail de la FERDI, qui comprend aussi une bibliographie sur le sujet. [Garenne 2016] Les pays d’Afrique sub-saharienne ont en effet connu […]

juillet 2017 Impacts Démographiques des Crises Africaines: Une perspective historique Michel GARENNE

L’étude présente divers cas d’impacts démographiques et sanitaires des grandes crises économiques, politiques, épidémiologiques et climatiques qui se sont produites en Afrique sub-Saharienne depuis 1960. Les paramètres étudiés sont la mortalité de l’enfant, la fécondité des femmes, l’urbanisation, le niveau d’instruction des adultes, la nuptialité, et la taille adulte des femmes. Les données proviennent pour l’essentiel […]