Publications @en

October 2020 An Action Agenda for biodiversity: Expectations and issues in the short and medium terms Aleksandar Rankovic, Sandrine Malje…, Matthieu Wemaëre, Yann Laurans

Key Messages The Action Agenda is by no means anecdotal. It fulfils fundamental strategic functions to stimulate a positive political momentum prior to COP15, and to help achieve an ambitious agreement in Kunming in 2020. There is therefore an urgent need to energise the Action Agenda as soon as possible.   In the short term […]

October 2020 Should we reforest the Amazon? Frédéric Amiel, Yann Laurans, Damien Barchiche

Forest conservation, a necessity Most of the responses to the Amazon crisis seem to focus, in addition to emergency action to extinguish the blaze, on the “reforestation” of what has been lost, with the idea of reversing the deforestation dynamic—almost no one denies its importance and impacts on biodiversity and climate—even though most of the […]

October 2020 Greening the Belt and Road Initiative: recent advances in assessing the scale of the challenge, the obstacles and the tools for action Sébastien Treyer

A few studies already highlighted the fossil energy intensity of Chinese foreign investment Until recently, transparency on the environmental impact of the BRI, in particular in terms of the decarbonisation of the economy in host countries, relied on a small number of American research centres.1 A study by the World Resources Institute (WRI) published in […]

October 2020 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: A first assessment and conditions for success Elisabeth Hege, Damien Barchiche, Julien Rochette, Lucien Chabason, Pierre Barthélemy

Key Messages Four years after its adoption, more and more references are being made to the 2030 Agenda by international organisations, governments, the private sector and non-state actors, but they rarely question practices, nor do they initiate a transformative project.   Governments are not doing enough to implement the 2030 Agenda. Implementation must be accelerated […]

October 2020 Failure of the Global Pact for the Environment: a missed opportunity or a bullet dodged? Lucien Chabason, Elisabeth Hege

Geopolitics of the draft Pact: a foregone conclusion? Firstly, reservations have been raised regarding the negotiation mode at the United Nations: characterised by the search for consensus, it favours states with nationalist orientations, thus enabling them to defeat majorities—which in some ways represents an extension of the conflicts occurring between nationalists and progressives. However, there […]

October 2020 Lifestyle transitions in unequal societies Laura Brimont, Mathieu Saujot

To provide some answers to this question, we consider two possible drivers of change, among others: the effect of price signals; and changes in terms of social norms through the gradual diffusion of ecological values. What are the impacts of carbon taxation? The first driver of change that could play a role in implementing the […]

October 2020 What momentum has the G7 given to sustainable development? Sébastien Treyer, Lola Vallejo

Setting a critical agenda The G7 is today an increasingly problematic club: while its members were once seen as being able to gather around common values of liberal democracy, the heads of these States instead show their disagreements and conflicts, sometimes even around these issues of democracy. In this context, the French Presidency has undeniably […]

October 2020 European Union: Five years to deliver the Green Deal Lola Vallejo, Nicolas Berghmans

The political guidelines for the new Commission (2019-2024), proposed by Ursual von der Leyen highlights (six)1 key political fields. Among them, the first one is to build a European Green Deal for a climate-neutral2 EU in her first 100 days in office that is further elaborated in the mission letter to Frans Timmermans. At its […]

October 2020 A shock that shakes our certainties about the resilience of our societies: what international responses? Sébastien Treyer, Nicolas Berghmans

Do we need a new social contract? In Asia, the countries that seem to have coped best with the crisis are those that have already experienced this moral imperative in depth in previous health crises. But in tomorrow’s world, where such crises are likely to be recurrent, the fact that some of the best-resourced countries […]

October 2020 The EU-Mercosur agreement: how can we break the deadlock between advocates of trade and environmentalists? Tancrède Voituriez

Secret negotiations On June 29, 2019, the President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, welcomed the previous day’s signing of a “historic” agreement between the EU and the four Mercosur countries (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay). While the full text of the agreement has not been finalised, a single document is currently available for the […]