Publications @en

October 2021 Defining and achieving a post-2020 ambition: Insights from a conversation in Tokyo Aleksandar Rankovic, Didier Babin

Key messages What could be the post-2020 ambition? A strong focus on sustainable use of biodiversity everywhere and on addressing the drivers of biodiversity loss, accompanied with reinforced area-based measures, strong accountability mechanisms, and concrete commitments of all non-state actors concerned by actual transformative changes.   Strengthening cooperation among the biodiversity-related conventions, between the Rio […]

October 2021 The Beijing Call for Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Change: an essential political impetus Sébastien Treyer

This impetus is all the more important as during the New York Summit on Climate Action last September, the major emitting countries did not exercise their political leadership, in particular the European Union, China and India; they were expected though, but each individually delayed by internal political processes, and collectively as each country or region […]

October 2021 Review of the High-Level Political Forum: towards a pivotal institution coordinating the Decade of Action and Delivery Elisabeth Hege, Lucien Chabason, Damien Barchiche

Key Messages The presentation of Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs) is a centerpiece of the HLPF and the number of countries willing to submit to the exercise is encouraging. However, several improvements could be made to reinforce accountability and increase the chances that this exercise actually helps driving additional national action, such as giving a peer […]

October 2021 The Future of EU Free Trade Agreements: European dialogue in light of the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement Klaudija Cremers, Yann Laurans, Tancrède Voituriez

Key messages The recent changes in European political balances are key explanatory factors of European positions hostile to the EU-Mercosur agreement “as it stands”. The “greener” colour resulting from different election outcomes explains the majorities or coalitions opposing the agreement under negotiation on environmental terms. It also resulted in new sustainable development commitments by the […]

October 2021 What is the 2019 agenda for biodiversity? Yann Laurans, Aleksandar Rankovic

Opening negotiations on the post-2020 biodiversity framework The year 2019 is crucial for the preparation and mobilisation of the “Global Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework”, the current name of the replacement for the Strategic Plan 2011-2020 and its Aichi Targets, adopted in 2010 in Nagoya (Japan). Since January, a series of “regional consultations” have been and will […]

October 2021 Agroecology and carbon neutrality: what are the issues? Pierre-Marie Aubert, Marie-Hélène Schwoob, Xavier Poux

Key Messages The TYFA scenario is based on the generalisation of organic farming (abandoning synthetic pesticides and fertilizers), the extension of agroecological infrastructures and the adoption of healthy diets, to feed 530 million Europeans by 2050 (despite a 35% drop in production). It leads to a 40% reduction in GHG emissions (35% for direct non-CO2 […]

October 2021 High Hopes for the High Seas: beyond the package deal towards an ambitious treaty Glen Wright, Klaudija Cremers, Julien Rochette, Nichola Clark, Daniel C. Dunn, Kristina M. Gjerde, Harriet Harden…, Essam Mohammed, Guillermo Ortu…

Key messages: States at the United Nations are currently negotiating a treaty to conserve and sustainably manage marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction. In order to safeguard ocean health, States and stakeholders should cooperate to conclude an ambitious, effective and equitable treaty with strong global oversight. Negotiations are based on a ‘package deal’ of […]

October 2021 Changing the scientific approach to fast transitions to a sustainable world Elisabeth Hege

Recommendantions Increase in inequality, unsustainable consumption and production, loss of collective and cultural identities, inadequate capacity for strategic complex systems thinking are trends that all have the potential to prevent, hinder or delay transformations toward sustainability. The first major task is to better understand the impact and interaction between globalization, digitalization and sustainabilization The second […]

October 2021 What the Covid-19 economic crisis could change to the development finance agenda Tancrède Voituriez

A heavy blow for poor countries: DFIs need to step up The Covid-19 turned into a major economic crisis for low-income countries well before the pandemic peaked in these countries. And containment and lockdown measures are expected to bring additional economic hardship in countries where informal jobs make up for 75% or more of labour […]

October 2021 Designing flexible governance for climate adaptation pathways in small islands: insights from multiple case studies Ariadna Anisimov, Alexandre K. Magnan

Key Messages Small islands demonstrate that flexibility is a key feature of adaptation governance to manage across timescales and risk drivers (climate-related and others), and therefore for the design of long-term adaptation pathways.   Flexibilising adaptation governance presents opportunities to navigate the complementarities across policy areas (long-term risk reduction and adaptation, sustainable development planning, disaster […]