Publications @en

March 2020 Just transitions for the coal sector are going mainstream, but policies also need to strengthened Oliver Sartor

The transition from coal is gathering momentum As of late 2018, 30 national governments, 22 sub-national governments and 28 businesses had committed to phase out coal by 2030, under the Powering Past Coal Alliance. Nonetheless, a common critique was that these governments only accounted for about 3% of global coal consumption. But, in the last […]

March 2020 Neither euphoria nor despair: Understanding the fall and rise of global energy-related CO2 emissions Thomas Spencer, Yann Robiou du Pont, Michel Colombier

Key Messages Short-term fluctuations in global emissions do not necessarily signal that a fundamental transition is underway. Looking in-depth at the underlying economic and energy system drivers of emissions can reveal more durable emissions trends. There is an urgent need for a systematic, annual analysis of the pace and direction of the global energy transition, […]

March 2020 Increasing climate ambition: the challenge of the year Lola Vallejo, David Levaï

2020: a major deadline to put ambition back on track According to the Paris Agreement on Climate, by the end of 2020 countries must renew or step up their climate commitments (known as “nationally determined contributions”, or NDCs) submitted in 2015. These must represent a progression compared to previous contributions, and reflect the “highest possible ambition” […]

March 2020 Global insect collapse: action must accelerate Aleksandar Rankovic

Alarming scientific data: an unrelenting observation Even the most prestigious scientific publications talk of the “windscreen effect”. You don’t even need to be particularly old to realize: even thirty-something year olds have probably noticed that far fewer insects are squashed onto their car windscreens today than on their parents’ cars when they were children. George […]

March 2020 For a cocoa without deforestation: performance of labels and company actions Frédéric Amiel, Yann Laurans

Key Messages Organic and fair trade labels are having some interesting results–especially with regard to supporting producers and diminishing the pressure on local biodiversity (at least for the organic certification)— but they are overly reliant on world cocoa prices. In a context of global overproduction, they do not always offer a profitable alternative to conventional […]

March 2020 Regional Ocean Governance of Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction: Lessons Learnt and Ways Forward Glen Wright, Julien Rochette

Executive summary [excerpt] This report provides an overview of a range of ongoing initiatives to improve governance of ABNJ at the regional level, including: novel modalities, such as the “Collective Arrangement for the North-East Atlantic”, whereby the OSPAR Commission and the North East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC) seek to strengthen cooperation between organisations with a […]

March 2020 Dear Europe… Sébastien Treyer

Extract The Union has to be able to present itself as a global champion of sustainability, while ensuring that all member states implement a just transition without free-riders, negotiating fair conditions of competition with trade partners and guiding allocation of its development investments outside Europe. Read the letter in ECDPM Great Insights [pp. 36-37]

March 2020 Mobilising the chemical conventions to protect biodiversity Fiona Kinniburgh, Aleksandar Rankovic

Key Messages Despite their direct impacts on biodiversity, pesticides are largely governed in the chemicals arena by policies and institutions separate from those governing biodiversity. The Stockholm and Rotterdam Conventions could be an effective avenue for mobilisation and connection of the biodiversity and chemicals regimes.   We identify four ways in which the biodiversity community […]

March 2020 Operationalising the Action Agenda for Nature and People: workshop report Marcel Kok, Cebuan Bliss, Aleksandar Rankovic

PBL co-organised an international workshop to explore how the “Action Agenda for Nature and People” of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) could practically be developed and implemented. It produced valuable recommendations to make the Action Agenda contribute to a renewal of global biodiversity governance. Workshop organized by PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, the Netherlands […]

March 2020 Agroecology and carbon neutrality in Europe by 2050: what are the issues? Pierre-Marie Aubert, Marie-Hélène Schwoob, Xavier Poux

Key Messages The TYFA scenario is based on the generalisation of organic farming (abandoning synthetic pesticides and fertilizers), the extension of agroecological infrastructures and the adoption of healthy diets, to feed 530 million Europeans by 2050 (despite a 35% drop in production). It leads to a 40% reduction in GHG emissions (35% for direct non-CO2 […]