Publications @en

June 2019 Significant changes in French cereal and dairy farming systems to initiate a transition towards agroecology? William Loveluck, Pierre-Marie Aubert

What agroecological horizon for cereal and dairy production systems under the TYFA scenario? At the heart of the TYFA scenario is the objective of tackling together most social and environmental issues the European food system is facing, including the erosion of biodiversity, GHG emissions and climate change, and human health problems associated to too rich […]

June 2019 Second session of the Working Group in Nairobi: another step towards a Global Pact for the Environment? Elisabeth Hege, Damien Barchiche

During the first session held in January 2019, the original proposal, that of creating a legally binding instrument, i.e. the Global Pact for the Environment, was not formally discussed. Instead, discussions were centred around the findings of the UN Secretary General’s technical and evidence-based report1 as well as identifying gaps in International Environmental Law (IEL). […]

June 2019 An Action Agenda for biodiversity: Expectations and issues in the short and medium terms Aleksandar Rankovic, Sandrine Malje…, Matthieu Wemaëre, Yann Laurans

Key Messages The Action Agenda is by no means anecdotal. It fulfils fundamental strategic functions to stimulate a positive political momentum prior to COP15, and to help achieve an ambitious agreement in Kunming in 2020. There is therefore an urgent need to energise the Action Agenda as soon as possible.   In the short term […]

June 2019 Agroecology and carbon neutrality in Europe by 2050: what are the issues? Pierre-Marie Aubert, Marie-Hélène Schwoob, Xavier Poux

Key Messages The TYFA scenario is based on the generalisation of organic farming (abandoning synthetic pesticides and fertilizers), the extension of agroecological infrastructures and the adoption of healthy diets, to feed 530 million Europeans by 2050 (despite a 35% drop in production). It leads to a 40% reduction in GHG emissions (35% for direct non-CO2 […]

June 2019 Agroecology and carbon neutrality: what are the issues? Pierre-Marie Aubert, Marie-Hélène Schwoob, Xavier Poux

Key Messages The TYFA scenario is based on the generalisation of organic farming (abandoning synthetic pesticides and fertilizers), the extension of agroecological infrastructures and the adoption of healthy diets, to feed 530 million Europeans by 2050 (despite a 35% drop in production). It leads to a 40% reduction in GHG emissions (35% for direct non-CO2 […]

June 2019 The ongoing biodiversity loss and how it can be stopped Yann Laurans, Aleksandar Rankovic

Key Messages The Global Assessment shows that biodiversity collapse on the continents is primarily due to land use changes related to agriculture, particuarly linked to the increased consumption of animal products. Regarding oceans, pressure from fisheries is the main cause of the decline. This suggests the adoption of commitments relating to food and agricultural systems. […]

June 2019 Industrial Transformation 2050 Tomas Wyns, Gauri Khandekar, Matilda Axelson, Oliver Sartor, Karsten Neuhoff

Key messages An industrial strategy for climate neutrality Align innovation, lead markets, circular economy, infrastructure and investment instruments into a comprehensive industrial strategy   This strategy will haveto be mission oriented, with low-carbon innovation and deployment at its heart.   It will have to go beyond maintaining existing industrial relationships and value-chains and strive towards […]

June 2019 Can the Belt and Road Initiative reinforce the multilateral agenda for sustainable development? Sébastien Treyer, Aleksandar Rankovic

Launched in 2013 to guide China’s foreign policy and to affirm its global role, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) aims to improve global connectivity (terrestrial, maritime and digital infrastructure, and also the coordination of policies, financial flows, innovation, and of cultural and academic exchanges), with the objective of ushering in a new phase of […]

June 2019 A key challenge for the European elections: Europe’s commitment to global environmental protection and to sustainable development Lucien Chabason

A virtuous Europe, internationally and internally… According to the Global Energy and CO2 Status Report Global Energy and CO2 Status Report published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) last week, global primary energy consumption increased by 2.6% in 2018, i.e. double the average of the previous eight years, an increase that has essentially been met […]

June 2019 What challenges for climate in the aftermath of the 2019 European elections? Nicolas Berghmans

EU climate-energy action: mixed results At first sight, the European Union can boast satisfactory results in the fight against climate change. Despite significant differences between Member States, it is on track to meet its energy-climate targets by 2020, in particular its greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction target, as recently demonstrated by a European Environment Agency […]