Publications @en

November 2019 A key challenge for the European elections: Europe’s commitment to global environmental protection and to sustainable development Lucien Chabason

A virtuous Europe, internationally and internally… According to the Global Energy and CO2 Status Report Global Energy and CO2 Status Report published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) last week, global primary energy consumption increased by 2.6% in 2018, i.e. double the average of the previous eight years, an increase that has essentially been met […]

November 2019 Agroecology and carbon neutrality in Europe by 2050: what are the issues? Pierre-Marie Aubert, Marie-Hélène Schwoob, Xavier Poux

Key Messages The TYFA scenario is based on the generalisation of organic farming (abandoning synthetic pesticides and fertilizers), the extension of agroecological infrastructures and the adoption of healthy diets, to feed 530 million Europeans by 2050 (despite a 35% drop in production). It leads to a 40% reduction in GHG emissions (35% for direct non-CO2 […]

November 2019 Assessing vulnerabilities to climate change from the local to the global level. Comparing approaches Michaël Goujon, Alexandre Magnan

Therefore, adaptation to climate change now appears to be as important and urgent as strategies aimed at limiting greenhouse gas emissions; as endorsed by the Paris Agreement itself at the global level (Magnan et Ribera, 2016). Anticipating the effects of climate change is no longer one option among many but a necessary condition to ensure […]

November 2019 What is the 2019 agenda for biodiversity? Yann Laurans, Aleksandar Rankovic

Opening negotiations on the post-2020 biodiversity framework The year 2019 is crucial for the preparation and mobilisation of the “Global Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework”, the current name of the replacement for the Strategic Plan 2011-2020 and its Aichi Targets, adopted in 2010 in Nagoya (Japan). Since January, a series of “regional consultations” have been and will […]

November 2019 Agroecology and carbon neutrality: what are the issues? Pierre-Marie Aubert, Marie-Hélène Schwoob, Xavier Poux

Key Messages The TYFA scenario is based on the generalisation of organic farming (abandoning synthetic pesticides and fertilizers), the extension of agroecological infrastructures and the adoption of healthy diets, to feed 530 million Europeans by 2050 (despite a 35% drop in production). It leads to a 40% reduction in GHG emissions (35% for direct non-CO2 […]

November 2019 Lifestyles in transition, a new working agenda Laura Brimont, Mathieu Saujot

Consumer and lifestyle issues on the scientific agenda Recently, various scientific studies have made it possible to better understand and assess the threats posed by the generalisation of certain lifestyles to limiting global warming, respecting the balance of the biosphere or limiting inequalities (Rockstrom et al., 2009; O’Neill et al., 2018). While some practices with […]

November 2019 UNSG Climate Summit: the race is on Lola Vallejo, Yann Robiou du Pont

Increasing the ambition of countries’ climate pledges is undoubtedly the main challenge of the UN agenda on climate this year and until the COP26 to be hosted by the United Kingdom in Glasgow. Under the Paris Agreement on climate change, countries must, by the end of 2020, increase the ambition of their climate commitments (known […]

November 2019 COP14 on desertification: a land agenda that advances in the interest of climate, biodiversity and people Marie-Hélène Schwoob

The subjects of negotiation of the UNCCD, which emerged at the 1992 Earth Summit alongside the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), are likely to affect nearly half of the world’s land surface and population. Desertification is all too often wrongly associated with deserts, such as […]

November 2019 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: A first assessment and conditions for success Elisabeth Hege, Damien Barchiche, Julien Rochette, Lucien Chabason, Pierre Barthélemy

Key Messages Four years after its adoption, more and more references are being made to the 2030 Agenda by international organisations, governments, the private sector and non-state actors, but they rarely question practices, nor do they initiate a transformative project.   Governments are not doing enough to implement the 2030 Agenda. Implementation must be accelerated […]

November 2019 Regional Ocean Governance of Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction Glen Wright, Julien Rochette

Extract Ongoing initiatives aiming to strengthen governance of ABNJ through cooperation at the regional level include: The “Collective Arrangement for the North-East Atlantic” The Sargasso Sea Commission The Pelagos Sanctuary for Mediterranean Marine Mammals The Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) Cooperation through Regional Fisheries Management Organisations Read the Spanish version