Publications @en

December 2018 L’analyse économétrique des conflits internes par l’approche causale : les évolutions d’une littérature en expansion Camille LAVILLE

Prévenir les conflits internes nécessite une meilleure compréhension de la manière dont ils se forment et se propagent dans le temps et l’espace. Par rapport aux autres sciences sociales, l’économie n’a que très récemment investi ce champ d’étude. Comme pour rattraper son retard, nous assistons depuis une vingtaine d’années à une effervescence de la recherche […]

December 2018 Reported Corruption vs. Experience of Corruption in Public Procurement Contracts Bernard GAUTHIER, Frédéric LESNÉ

This paper examines the accuracy of estimates of corruption reported in business surveys by comparing reported experience of corruption in public procurement from Malagasy firms having won public contracts with a more objective measure of corruption in the sector using a red flag indicator of corruption risk. This red flag indicator of corruption identifies contracts […]

December 2018 Volatility widens inequality. Could aid and remittances help? Lisa CHAUVET, Marin FERRY, Patrick GUILLAUMONT, Sylviane GUILLAUMONT JEANNENEY, Sampawende J.-A. TAPSOBA, Laurent WAGNER

We analyse the relationship between income volatility and inequality and the conditional role played by aid and remittances. Using a panel of 142 countries for the period 1973–2012, we confirm a well-established finding among the literature that income volatility has an adverse impact on inequality, and that the poorest people are the most exposed to […]

December 2018 Concurrent wasting and stunting among under‐five children in Niakhar, Senegal Michel GARENNE, Mark MYATT, Tanya KHARA, Carmel DOLAN, André BRIEND

The study describes the patterns of concurrent wasting and stunting (WaSt) among children age 6–59 months living in the 1980s in Niakhar, a rural area of Senegal under demographic surveillance. Wasting and stunting were defined by z scores lower than −2 in weight for height and height for age. Both conditions were found to be highly […]

December 2018 Improving screening for malnourished children at high risk of death: a study of children aged 6–59 months in rural Senegal Mark MYATT, Tanya KHARA, Carmel DOLAN, Michel GARENNE, André BRIEND

Objective To investigate whether children with concurrent wasting and stunting require therapeutic feeding and to better understand whether multiple diagnostic criteria are needed to identify children with a high risk of death and in need of treatment. Design Community-based cohort study, following 5751 children through time. Each child was visited up to four times at […]

November 2018 Telecommunication Submarine- Cable Deployment and the Digital Divide in Sub-Saharan Africa Joël CARIOLLE

The recent deployment of fibre-optic submarine cables (SMCs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) raised the prospects for the digital economy expansion and the whole sub-continent take-off, but also exposed countries and populations to new sources of vulnerability. This paper provides empirical evidence on the ambivalent effect of SMC deployment on the digital divide in 46 SSA […]

November 2018 Boom de l’économie numérique en Afrique Subsaharienne : quelles perspectives pour l’emploi ? Joël CARIOLLE

Dans un article célèbre, Gordon (2012) souligne que l’impact de la troisième révolution industrielle, marquée par la pénétration des ordinateurs, de l’Internet et des téléphones portables, sur la productivité du travail et sur l’emploi aux États-Unis est très limité par rapport à celui de la première révolution industrielle (caractérisée par l’invention et le développement des […]

November 2018 Reforming the criteria for identifying Least Developed Countries according to the rationale of the category Patrick GUILLAUMONT

The Least Developed Countries (LDCs) category will be 50 years old in 2021. 2021 is also the year of the next triennial review of the LDCs by the UN CDP (Committee of Development Policy). The next two years are therefore an opportunity to re-assess the rationale for, and the implementation of, the LDC category, including […]

November 2018 Impact of decentralized electrification projects on sustainable development: A meta-analysis Jean-Claude BERTHELEMY, Arnaud MILLIEN

This paper is the first product of a project which aims to build a Collaborative Smart Mapping of Mini-grid Action (CoSMMA), whose principal objective is to identify best practice in decentralized electrification projects. By evaluation of 421 projects, from published research papers, we have built a pilot CoSMMA which proves its feasibility. Its relevance is […]

November 2018 Cinquante ans d’évolution de la fécondité à Niakhar (1963-2012) Michel GARENNE, Pierre CANTRELLE, Valérie DELAUNAY, Charles BECKER

Fondé en 1962 en zone rurale à 150 km de Dakar, l’observatoire de Niakhar est le plus ancien observatoire de population en Afrique encore en activité. Au coeur d’une histoire scientifique et humaine originale, il a permis d’assurer le suivi sanitaire, démographique, social, économique et environnemental de plus de deux générations. En revisitant 50 années […]