Publications @en

October 2021 What is the 2019 agenda for biodiversity? Yann Laurans, Aleksandar Rankovic

Opening negotiations on the post-2020 biodiversity framework The year 2019 is crucial for the preparation and mobilisation of the “Global Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework”, the current name of the replacement for the Strategic Plan 2011-2020 and its Aichi Targets, adopted in 2010 in Nagoya (Japan). Since January, a series of “regional consultations” have been and will […]

October 2021 Agroecology and carbon neutrality: what are the issues? Pierre-Marie Aubert, Marie-Hélène Schwoob, Xavier Poux

Key Messages The TYFA scenario is based on the generalisation of organic farming (abandoning synthetic pesticides and fertilizers), the extension of agroecological infrastructures and the adoption of healthy diets, to feed 530 million Europeans by 2050 (despite a 35% drop in production). It leads to a 40% reduction in GHG emissions (35% for direct non-CO2 […]

October 2021 High Hopes for the High Seas: beyond the package deal towards an ambitious treaty Glen Wright, Klaudija Cremers, Julien Rochette, Nichola Clark, Daniel C. Dunn, Kristina M. Gjerde, Harriet Harden…, Essam Mohammed, Guillermo Ortu…

Key messages: States at the United Nations are currently negotiating a treaty to conserve and sustainably manage marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction. In order to safeguard ocean health, States and stakeholders should cooperate to conclude an ambitious, effective and equitable treaty with strong global oversight. Negotiations are based on a ‘package deal’ of […]

October 2021 Changing the scientific approach to fast transitions to a sustainable world Elisabeth Hege

Recommendantions Increase in inequality, unsustainable consumption and production, loss of collective and cultural identities, inadequate capacity for strategic complex systems thinking are trends that all have the potential to prevent, hinder or delay transformations toward sustainability. The first major task is to better understand the impact and interaction between globalization, digitalization and sustainabilization The second […]

October 2021 What the Covid-19 economic crisis could change to the development finance agenda Tancrède Voituriez

A heavy blow for poor countries: DFIs need to step up The Covid-19 turned into a major economic crisis for low-income countries well before the pandemic peaked in these countries. And containment and lockdown measures are expected to bring additional economic hardship in countries where informal jobs make up for 75% or more of labour […]

October 2021 Designing flexible governance for climate adaptation pathways in small islands: insights from multiple case studies Ariadna Anisimov, Alexandre K. Magnan

Key Messages Small islands demonstrate that flexibility is a key feature of adaptation governance to manage across timescales and risk drivers (climate-related and others), and therefore for the design of long-term adaptation pathways.   Flexibilising adaptation governance presents opportunities to navigate the complementarities across policy areas (long-term risk reduction and adaptation, sustainable development planning, disaster […]

October 2021 Regional Ocean Governance of Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction Glen Wright, Julien Rochette

Extract Ongoing initiatives aiming to strengthen governance of ABNJ through cooperation at the regional level include: The “Collective Arrangement for the North-East Atlantic” The Sargasso Sea Commission The Pelagos Sanctuary for Mediterranean Marine Mammals The Antarctic Treaty System (ATS) Cooperation through Regional Fisheries Management Organisations Read the Spanish version

October 2021 Operationalising the Paris Agreement Transparency Framework beyond Katowice Alexandra Deprez

To understand its importance, we could view the Transparency Framework negotiation process as a three-step collective construction of a house: (1) at COP21, Parties reached agreement on the fundamental structural elements (listed in Article 13 of the Agreement), (2) at COP24, they concurred on the specific construction materials to be used (the Katowice Rulebook’s Transparency […]

October 2021 The IPCC report on land: what’s at stake? Pierre-Marie Aubert

This report, released to little fanfare during the quiet summer period, analyses the interactions between climate change and the so-called “land sector”, which includes agriculture, forestry, pastoralism1, etc. There are two reasons why this sector is a major climate challenge. On one hand, the land sector is one of the most directly affected by climate […]

October 2021 COP14 on desertification: a land agenda that advances in the interest of climate, biodiversity and people Marie-Hélène Schwoob

The subjects of negotiation of the UNCCD, which emerged at the 1992 Earth Summit alongside the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), are likely to affect nearly half of the world’s land surface and population. Desertification is all too often wrongly associated with deserts, such as […]