Publications @en

October 2021 Reconciling recovery and sustainability on the ground: the role of subnational public development banks Maria Alejandr…, Sergio Gusmão …, Cinthia Helena…, Adauto Modesto…

Thinking local, acting global A recent study published by the OECD estimated that 65% of the 169 targets underlying the 17 SDGs will not be reached without proper engagement of and coordination with local and regional governments.1 Furthermore, the Covid-19 crisis has been a strong reminder of the integrated and interconnected nature of the common […]

October 2021 EU-Mercosur agreement: Is the EU trade policy entering a new phase? Klaudija Cremers

After 20 years of negotiations, the EU and the Mercosur countries reached an “agreement in principle” on June 28, 2019.1 Germany initially fully supported the EU-Mercosur deal and made the conclusion of this file a priority during its Presidency of the Council of the EU (July 1-December 31, 2020). The German position, however, changed in […]

October 2021 A key challenge for the European elections: Europe’s commitment to global environmental protection and to sustainable development Lucien Chabason

A virtuous Europe, internationally and internally… According to the Global Energy and CO2 Status Report Global Energy and CO2 Status Report published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) last week, global primary energy consumption increased by 2.6% in 2018, i.e. double the average of the previous eight years, an increase that has essentially been met […]

October 2021 Agroecology and carbon neutrality in Europe by 2050: what are the issues? Pierre-Marie Aubert, Marie-Hélène Schwoob, Xavier Poux

Key Messages The TYFA scenario is based on the generalisation of organic farming (abandoning synthetic pesticides and fertilizers), the extension of agroecological infrastructures and the adoption of healthy diets, to feed 530 million Europeans by 2050 (despite a 35% drop in production). It leads to a 40% reduction in GHG emissions (35% for direct non-CO2 […]

October 2021 Entry into force of the African Continental Free Trade Area: what are the political consequences for Africa and the European Union? Tancrède Voituriez

Africa chooses trade with Africa Ever since Adam Smith and David Ricardo (18th and 19th century economists), it has become the norm to classify countries on an axis ranging from protectionism to free trade, according to their commercial openness. The trade doctrine of the African countries, gathered within the African Union (AU), seems to somewhat […]

October 2021 Revising the ‘host country standard’ principle: a step for China to align its overseas investment with the Paris Agreement Tancrède Voituriez, Wang Yao, Mathias Lund Larsen

Key policy insights Chinese development banks lend, give or invest between US$ 38 billion and US$ 45 billion every year to developing countries, without either elaborating on, or integrating, the provisions of the Paris Agreement into their investment strategy. Regulations and safeguards are much more stringent for China’s domestic investment than for China’s overseas investment, […]

October 2021 Defining and achieving a post-2020 ambition: Insights from a conversation in Tokyo Aleksandar Rankovic, Didier Babin

Key messages What could be the post-2020 ambition? A strong focus on sustainable use of biodiversity everywhere and on addressing the drivers of biodiversity loss, accompanied with reinforced area-based measures, strong accountability mechanisms, and concrete commitments of all non-state actors concerned by actual transformative changes.   Strengthening cooperation among the biodiversity-related conventions, between the Rio […]

October 2021 The Beijing Call for Biodiversity Conservation and Climate Change: an essential political impetus Sébastien Treyer

This impetus is all the more important as during the New York Summit on Climate Action last September, the major emitting countries did not exercise their political leadership, in particular the European Union, China and India; they were expected though, but each individually delayed by internal political processes, and collectively as each country or region […]

October 2021 Review of the High-Level Political Forum: towards a pivotal institution coordinating the Decade of Action and Delivery Elisabeth Hege, Lucien Chabason, Damien Barchiche

Key Messages The presentation of Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs) is a centerpiece of the HLPF and the number of countries willing to submit to the exercise is encouraging. However, several improvements could be made to reinforce accountability and increase the chances that this exercise actually helps driving additional national action, such as giving a peer […]

October 2021 The Future of EU Free Trade Agreements: European dialogue in light of the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement Klaudija Cremers, Yann Laurans, Tancrède Voituriez

Key messages The recent changes in European political balances are key explanatory factors of European positions hostile to the EU-Mercosur agreement “as it stands”. The “greener” colour resulting from different election outcomes explains the majorities or coalitions opposing the agreement under negotiation on environmental terms. It also resulted in new sustainable development commitments by the […]