Publications @en

October 2020 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: A first assessment and conditions for success Elisabeth Hege, Damien Barchiche, Julien Rochette, Lucien Chabason, Pierre Barthélemy

Key Messages Four years after its adoption, more and more references are being made to the 2030 Agenda by international organisations, governments, the private sector and non-state actors, but they rarely question practices, nor do they initiate a transformative project.   Governments are not doing enough to implement the 2030 Agenda. Implementation must be accelerated […]

October 2020 Greening trade agreements: A roadmap to narrow the expectations gap Tancrède Voituriez, Yann Laurans

Key Messages Last European elections and the emphasis placed by the new European Commission on the Green Deal make it difficult for the European Commission to sign a FTA, which would not explicitly improve signatory countries’ climate and environmental performance.    Against this backdrop, we argue that the poor environmental performance of EU FTAs lies […]

October 2020 The EU-Mercosur agreement: how can we break the deadlock between advocates of trade and environmentalists? Tancrède Voituriez

Secret negotiations On June 29, 2019, the President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, welcomed the previous day’s signing of a “historic” agreement between the EU and the four Mercosur countries (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay). While the full text of the agreement has not been finalised, a single document is currently available for the […]

October 2020 The Global Commission on Adaptation: a new political momentum? Lola Vallejo

Climate change poses two challenges to our societies: we should try and mitigate the climate breakdown by reducing our greenhouse gas emissions, while preparing for the inevitable impacts our past emissions will have on climate, our ecosystems, and our societies. While the world cannot claim to have solved either challenge to date, mitigation tends to […]

October 2020 Entry into force of the African Continental Free Trade Area: what are the political consequences for Africa and the European Union? Tancrède Voituriez

Africa chooses trade with Africa Ever since Adam Smith and David Ricardo (18th and 19th century economists), it has become the norm to classify countries on an axis ranging from protectionism to free trade, according to their commercial openness. The trade doctrine of the African countries, gathered within the African Union (AU), seems to somewhat […]

October 2020 Defining and achieving a post-2020 ambition: Insights from a conversation in Tokyo Aleksandar Rankovic, Didier Babin

Key messages What could be the post-2020 ambition? A strong focus on sustainable use of biodiversity everywhere and on addressing the drivers of biodiversity loss, accompanied with reinforced area-based measures, strong accountability mechanisms, and concrete commitments of all non-state actors concerned by actual transformative changes.   Strengthening cooperation among the biodiversity-related conventions, between the Rio […]

October 2020 Financing sustainable development: what challenges in the light of the promises of the 2030 Agenda ? Damien Barchiche

Financing more, and better The most important gaps concern developing countries. What assistance is provided to help them achieve their own Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)? To date, no one knows: there are no international statistical standards to measure and monitor these resources. To fill this gap, several initiatives are emerging, such as the Total Official […]

October 2020 The New York Summits: a complex but essential political momentum Sébastien Treyer

Each component of this series is essential for the others. And it is this coherency that will maintain the political message of these negotiations: each country must design its own development model transformation pathway to simultaneously achieve all of the objectives (climate, biodiversity, inequality reduction…) but given the scale of the challenges in all of […]

October 2020 The UN Sustainable Development Goals Summit and the Climate Action Summit, New York, 23-25 September 2019 Elisabeth Hege, David Levaï

Key Findings The United Nations (UN) High Level Political Forum (HLPF) in 24-25 September 2019 is a one-and-a-halfday event that for the first time since the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) takes place under the auspices of the UN General Assembly (GA). This special event, called the SDG Summit, will be a litmus […]