Publications

octobre 2018 Intégration régionale : comment mesurer l’engagement des États africains ? Joël CARIOLLE, Anne-Marie GEOURJON, Audrey-Anne DE UBEDA

L’intégration régionale est un enjeu central pour le continent africain. C’est un puissant levier de croissance et de développement, avec de potentiels effets positifs sur l’investissement privé, la gouvernance ou encore le commerce intra et extracommunautaire. Afin que ces effets se concrétisent, il est nécessaire que les États s’engagent à porter et à mettre en […]

octobre 2018 L’aide au développement sous un regard chrétien Sylviane GUILLAUMONT JEANNENEY

Toute politique d’aide au développement pose quatre grandes catégories de questions : 1) Pourquoi aider ? 2) Quel est le volume d’aide souhaitable et quelle place pour l’aide financière dans l’ensemble de la politique de coopération internationale? 3) Quels doivent être les acteurs de l’aide et quels pays doit-on aider en priorité ? 4) Et […]

octobre 2018 Inégalités et vulnérabilités en Nouvelle-Calédonie Michaël GOUJON

Nulle collectivité n’aura, autant que la Nouvelle-Calédonie, provoqué les efforts de l’imagination des juristes et politologues et multiplié la constitution de divers comités d’experts institutionnels. Alors que la Nouvelle-Calédonie a aujourd’hui en mains les compétences de gestion, il s’agit pour elle de savoir les mettre en oeuvre en aménageant une société plus égale, plus juste […]

octobre 2018 Does fiscal decentralization enhance citizens’ access to public services and reduce poverty? Evidence from Côte d’Ivoire municipalities in a conflict setting Tiangboho SANOGO

Fiscal decentralization has been implemented in many countries with an explicit objective of improving public service delivery and reduce poverty. However, its effectiveness in achieving these goals are much debated and the empirical literature has mostly focused on poverty reduction using cross-country analysis. This paper analyses whether, and how, the devolution of revenue raising responsibilities […]

octobre 2018 Pauvreté, Egalité, Mortalité: Mortality (In)Equality in France and the United States Janet CURRIE, Hannes SCHWANDT, Josselin THUILLIEZ

We develop a method to compare levels and trends in inequality in mortality in the United States and France in a similar framework. The comparison shows that while income inequality has increased in both the United States and France, inequality in mortality in France remained remarkably low and stable. In the United States, inequality in […]

avril 2018 Decentralization, spending efficiency and pro-poor outcomes in Morocco Maria EL KHDARI, Babacar SARR

This paper studies how decentralization affects poverty, vulnerability, and inequality in Morocco, in the context of ongoing regionalization reforms. We use different non-parametric approaches to assess spending efficiency of Moroccan municipalities and regions over the period 2005-2009. The results indicate that the efficiency of spending in improving pro-poor outcomes is dependent on the fiscal autonomy […]

avril 2018 Deconcentration, political and fiscal decentralization, in Morocco Maria EL KHDARI

The paper examines how the Government of Morocco has addressed the issue of decentralization in recent years and how these processes have evolved and affected fiscal and public policies. More specifically, this paper analyzes the current legislative and institutional provisions governing administrative, political and fiscal decentralization in Morocco and presents a detailed analysis of the […]

avril 2018 School or work? The role of weather shocks in Madagascar Francesca MARCHETTA, David SAHN, Luca TIBERTI

We examine the impact of rainfall variability and cyclones on schooling and work among a cohort of teens and young adults by estimating a bivariate probit model, using a panel survey conducted in 2004 and 2011 in Madagascar—a poor island nation that is frequently affected by extreme weather events. Our results show that negative rainfall […]

mars 2018 [2018-2]Inégalités et vulnérabilités en Nouvelle-Calédonie Michaël GOUJON

This short note recalls the debated conclusions of the literature on the impact of decolonization for small islands. It also presents an overview of compared performances of New-Caledonia in terms of human development and inequalities. It concludes with some thoughts on the vulnerability of New-Caledonia, in the face of climate change particularly.

mars 2018 CO2 mitigation in developing countries: the role of foreign aid Mohamed BOLY

This paper empirically investigates the link between foreign aid and pollution, specifically CO2 emissions in developing countries. We use a more complete and recent dataset to re-assess the environmental impact of foreign aid. Focusing on 112 aid recipient countries over the period 1980 – 2013, we find that the effect of aid depends on the […]