Publications

décembre 2020 The tax burden on mobile network operators in Africa Grégoire ROTA-GRAZIOSI, Fayçal SAWADOGO

We estimate the tax burden on the mobile telecommunication sector in twenty-five African countries. This tax burden encompasses not only standard and particular taxes under the control of the Ministry of Finance (MoF), but also fees raised by national telecommunication Regulatory Agency (RA). Giv…

novembre 2020 Firm growth in developing countries: Driven by external shocks or internal characteristics? Florian LÉON

The purpose of this paper is to assess the importance of external shocks relative to internal characteristics in explaining variation of firm growth in developing countries. To do so, we compile firm-level panel data covering 12,562 firms operating in 72 low-income and middle-income countries. Ou…

novembre 2020 Education and Protection of the Environment to shape Mauritius’ future in a COVID-19 landscape Jaime DE MELO

In a span of fifty years, Mauritius has reached high-income status according to the World Bank criterion. Key to this success was the combination of: (i) effective policies; (ii) resilience to shocks; (iii) adaptation to changing external events cemented by close collaboration between Government,…

novembre 2020 A Dashboard for Trade Policy Diagnostics Jaime DE MELO

The set of measures that affect international trade in goods and services defines trade policy. Trade policies affect trade costs. ‘Good’ trade policy seeks to minimize trade costs. Traditionally trade policy was restricted to measures imposed at the border (tariffs, import quotas, export taxes, …

novembre 2020 Do PTAs with environmental provisions reduce emissions? Assessing the effectiveness of climate-related provisions? Zakaria SORGHO

The aim of this paper is to assess the effectiveness on climate change mitigation of the climate-related commitments contained in PTAs. Because of a lack of availability of detailed data on PTAs, the academic literature on the role of PTAs with environmental provisions (PTAwEP) in global climate …

octobre 2020 Livre blanc sur l’accès à l’énergie durable hors réseau: 10 axes prioritaires pour accélérer ensemble

Ce document, à destination des décideurs français et internationaux, des bailleurs de fonds, des agences d’électrification rurale, des ONG, des entreprises, et de tout autre acteur impliqué dans l’accès à l’énergie, a pour vocation d’éclairer les parties prenantes sur des pistes d’amélioration, d…

octobre 2020 Dealing with Demand Heterogeneity on Health Care Provider Choice – The Case of Rural China Martine AUDIBERT, Yong HE, Jacky MATHONNAT

We built a database of two samples of patients surveyed within the same regions in rural China over a time interval of 18 years, and presumed varying demand heterogeneity due to income increase and people aging. We find that while the mean price and distance negative effects on patients choice we…

septembre 2020 Digital Technologies for Small and Medium Enterprises and job creation in Sub-Saharan Africa Joël CARIOLLE

This report is an attempt to deepen the comprehension of the past, current and forthcoming transformations induced by the diffusion of digital technologies among African small and medium enterprises (SMEs).

septembre 2020 Digital spillovers and SMEs’ performance in Sub-Saharan Africa Joël CARIOLLE

In this policy brief, we use survey data from the WBES to provide an empirical assessment of the contribution of digital technologies diffusion to African SMEs’ performance. Compared to existing empirical evidence on the impacts of digital technologies on African firms, the quantitative analysis …

mars 2018 [2018-2]Inégalités et vulnérabilités en Nouvelle-Calédonie Michaël GOUJON

This short note recalls the debated conclusions of the literature on the impact of decolonization for small islands. It also presents an overview of compared performances of New-Caledonia in terms of human development and inequalities. It concludes with some thoughts on the vulnerability of New-Caledonia, in the face of climate change particularly.