Publications

mai 2019 Telecommunication Submarine- Cable Deployment and the Digital Divide in Sub-Saharan Africa Joël CARIOLLE

This paper estimates the impact of fiber-optic submarine cables (SMCs) deployment on the digital divide in 46 sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. It shows that the laying of SEACOM, MainOne and EASSy cables has yielded a 3-4% point increase in internet penetration rates. Moreover, it also shows …

mai 2019 Inducing demand for information in social networks to promote technology adoption: An alternative approach to extension Manzoor DAR, Alain DE JANVRY, Kyle EMERICK, Elisabeth SADOULET

Networks are important for transmitting knowledge among farmers, but it is not always easy or appropriate to identify the best farmers which whom to seed a new technology. The column shows that side-by-side demonstration plots for a new variety of rice are successful at inducing learning. This me…

avril 2019 Telecommunications submarine cable vulnerability and local performance of firms in developing and transition countries Joël CARIOLLE, Maëlan LE GOFF, Olivier SANTONI

We estimate the impact of Internet diffusion on local firm performance in developing and transition economies, by adopting an instrumental variable approach reflecting firm’s vulnerability to seismic shocks upon the telecommunications submarine cable (SMC) network. IV within fixed-effect estima…

avril 2019 Innovation, exports, productivity and investment climate; a study based on Indian manufacturing firm-level data Patrick PLANE, Marie-Ange VEGANZONES-VAROUDAKIS

In this paper, we use univariate instrumental estimations to study the interactions between firm-level innovation, exports and productivity in the Indian manufacturing sector. To differentiate incentives to innovate from the ability to innovate, we distinguish the inputs of innovation (R&D and tr…

mars 2019 What’s wrong with the WTO’s Environmental Goods Agreement: A developing country perspective Jaime DE MELO, Jean-Marc SOLLEDER

Developing countries have not participated in the WTO-led negotiations aimed at bringing down barriers to trade in environmental goods. If negotiations conclude, would the win for trade and for the environment be extended to a win for developing countries? This column draws insights from a newly …

mars 2019 Geography of skills and global inequality Michal BURZYŃSKI, Christoph DEUSTER, Frédéric DOCQUIER

This paper analyzes the factors underlying the evolution of the worldwide distribution of skills and their implications for global inequality. We develop and parameterize a two-sector, two-class, world economy model that endogenizes education and mobility decisions, population growth, and income …

février 2019 L’Afrique entre industrialisation et désindustrialisation Michaël GOUJON

Si les trajectoires industrielles africaines demandent à être nuancées selon les indicateurs retenus, reste que le continent, non seulement tarde à s’industrialiser dans son ensemble, mais fait montre d’une désindustrialisation prématurée dont les conséquences sont incertaines.

février 2019 Agricultural Value Chain Development and Smallholder Competitiveness Alain DE JANVRY, Elisabeth SADOULET

The FERDI and AFD organized a workshop at the AFD in Paris on November 15, 2018, on “Agricultural value chain development and smallholder competitiveness”. Participating institutions to the workshop included Ferdi, AFD, the University of California at Berkeley, Leuven University, CIRAD, IFPRI and…

février 2019 Digital vulnerability and performance of firms in developing countries Joël CARIOLLE, Maëlan LE GOFF, Olivier SANTONI

Almost all coastal economies are now connected to the global Internet through over 300 telecommunications submarine cables (SMCs), so digital vulnerability is now shaped by two structural factors, independent from policy: exposure to broadband infrastructure outages and physical distance to…

janvier 2019 Infrastructure et économie numérique en Afrique subsaharienne et dans l’UEMOA : état des lieux, acteurs, et nouvelles vulnérabilités Joël CARIOLLE, Michaël GOUJON

Les technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC), plus particulièrement l’internet haut-débit et l’industrie mobile, jouent désormais un rôle de premier plan dans le développement économique. En contribuant à l’émergence et la diffusion des innovations dans le commerce, l’agricultur…