avril 2020 Using Agriculture for Development: Supply- and demand-side approaches Alain DE JANVRY, Elisabeth SADOULET

A Development Review paper for World Development.

mars 2018 [2018-2]Inégalités et vulnérabilités en Nouvelle-Calédonie Michaël GOUJON

This short note recalls the debated conclusions of the literature on the impact of decolonization for small islands. It also presents an overview of compared performances of New-Caledonia in terms of human development and inequalities. It concludes with some thoughts on the vulnerability of New-Caledonia, in the face of climate change particularly.

mars 2018 CO2 mitigation in developing countries: the role of foreign aid Mohamed BOLY

This paper empirically investigates the link between foreign aid and pollution, specifically CO2 emissions in developing countries. We use a more complete and recent dataset to re-assess the environmental impact of foreign aid. Focusing on 112 aid recipient countries over the period 1980 – 2013, we find that the effect of aid depends on the […]

février 2018 Income-generating Effects of Biofuel Policies: A Meta-analysis of the CGE Literature Johanna CHOUMERT, Pascale COMBES MOTEL, Charlain GUEGANG DJIMELI

While the production of biofuels has expanded in recent years, findings in the literature on its impact on economic growth and development remain contradictory. This paper presents a meta-analysis of computable general equilibrium (CGE) studies published between 2006 and 2017 on the effect of biofuel production on economic development worldwide. Using 30 CGE studies, we […]

janvier 2018 About polluting eco-industries: optimal provision of abatement goods and Pigouvian fees Damien SANS, Sonia SCHWARTZ, Hubert STAHN

In this article, the authors introduce a polluting eco-industry. Depending on the level of damage, there are two optimal equilibria. If the damage is low, one generalizes the usual results of the economic literature to the polluting eco-industry: the dirty firm partially abates their emissions, only efficient eco-industry firms produce and the abatement level increases […]

décembre 2017 [2016-0]Un survol de la théorie des biens communs Jean-Louis COMBES, Pascale COMBES MOTEL, Sonia SCHWARTZ

Cet article propose un survol de la théorie des biens communs. La notion de bien commun et la possible surexploitation de ce type de ressource sont tout d’abord exposées. Ensuite, plusieurs illustrations sont apportées telles que le réchauffement climatique, la déforestation, la congestion urbaine et le déficit budgétaire. À chaque fois, les moyens d’éviter la […]

décembre 2017 Stacking up the ladder: A panel data analysis of Tanzanian household energy choices Johanna CHOUMERT, Pascale COMBES MOTEL, Pierre Leonard LE ROUX

Energy-use statistics in Tanzania reflect the country’s low level of industrialization and development. In 2016, only 16.9% of rural and 65.3% of urban inhabitants in mainland Tanzania were connected to some form of electricity. We use a nationally representative three-wave panel dataset (2008-2013) to contribute to the literature on household energy use decisions in Tanzania […]

novembre 2017 Does the expansion of biofuels encroach on the forest? Derya KELES, Johanna CHOUMERT, Pascale COMBES MOTEL, Eric Nazindigouba KERE

In this article, we explore the role of biofuel production on deforestation in developing and emerging countries. Since the 2000s biofuel production has been rapidly developing to address issues of economic development, energy poverty and reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. However, the sustainability of biofuels is being challenged in recent research, particularly at the […]

novembre 2017 Postneonatal mortality impacts following grants from the Gavi Vaccine Alliance: an econometric analysis from 2000 to 2014 Robert John KOLESAR, Martine AUDIBERT

We completed a retrospective multivariate panel study to evaluate the effect of Gavi Vaccine Alliance grants on vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) postneonatal mortality. We separately tested a composite VPD mortality rate and five vaccine-preventable mortality rates: pertussis, meningitis, measles, diarrhea, and pneumonia (lower-respiratory infection) as dependent variables. All 77 countries eligible for Gavi assistance from 2000 […]

novembre 2017 [2017-0]Pauvreté, environnement et développement Michaël GOUJON

Quels phénomènes lient développement, pauvreté et dégradation de l’environnement ? Quelles perspectives politiques peut-on envisager, selon les indicateurs de vulnérabilité physique au changement climatique, auxquels l’auteur a travaillé avec la FERDI ?