Publications

avril 2018 Decentralization, spending efficiency and pro-poor outcomes in Morocco Maria EL KHDARI, Babacar SARR

This paper studies how decentralization affects poverty, vulnerability, and inequality in Morocco, in the context of ongoing regionalization reforms. We use different non-parametric approaches to assess spending efficiency of Moroccan municipalities and regions over the period 2005-2009. The results indicate that the efficiency of spending in improving pro-poor outcomes is dependent on the fiscal autonomy […]

avril 2018 Deconcentration, political and fiscal decentralization, in Morocco Maria EL KHDARI

The paper examines how the Government of Morocco has addressed the issue of decentralization in recent years and how these processes have evolved and affected fiscal and public policies. More specifically, this paper analyzes the current legislative and institutional provisions governing administrative, political and fiscal decentralization in Morocco and presents a detailed analysis of the […]

avril 2018 School or work? The role of weather shocks in Madagascar Francesca MARCHETTA, David SAHN, Luca TIBERTI

We examine the impact of rainfall variability and cyclones on schooling and work among a cohort of teens and young adults by estimating a bivariate probit model, using a panel survey conducted in 2004 and 2011 in Madagascar—a poor island nation that is frequently affected by extreme weather events. Our results show that negative rainfall […]

mars 2018 Analyse de la relation entre commerce et le marché de l’emploi dans l’UEMOA Céline CARRERE

Dans une étude récente, Carrère et al. (2016) montrent que l’effet du commerce sur le chômage dépend du fonctionnement du marché du travail dans les secteurs bénéficiant d’avantages comparatifs. L’impact du commerce international sur le chômage serait positif si l’avantage comparatif porte sur des secteurs dont le marché du travail est sujet à des frictions […]

mars 2018 Human Assets Index: Insights from a Retrospective Series Analysis Sosso FEINDOUNO, Michaël GOUJON

We build retrospective series for the Human Assets Index from the United Nations—Committee for Development Policy data. The HAI is a composite index which includes health and education components. Our series cover 145 developing countries for the period 1990–2014. The analysis provides insights into the changes in the HAI and its distribution for different groups […]

mars 2018 Non-Tariff Measures: Data and Quantitative Tools of Analysis Alessandro NICITA, Jaime DE MELO

This paper provides a tour d’horizon on where we stand with the information, and analysis of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs). The analysis of NTMs has been fragmentary, not keeping pace with their increasing prevalence and their increasing complexity. Capturing and classifying these NTMs is still a daunting task because of the data limitations identified in this […]

mars 2018 Convergence et divergence budgétaire en Afrique : le rôle des Communautés économiques régionales et des Unions économiques et monétaires Vigninou GAMMADIGBE, Ismaël ISSIFOU, Daouda SEMBENE, Sampawende J.-A. TAPSOBA

La théorie de l’endogénéité des Zones Monétaires Optimales (ZMO) a identifié deux canaux de justification ex-post du critère de synchronisation des cycles : l’intensité commerciale et la convergence budgétaire des pays membres. Dans ce papier, nous analysons dans une perspective empirique le rôle des Unions Économiques et Monétaires africaines dans la convergence budgétaire des pays […]

mars 2018 Structural Reforms and Firms’ Productivity: Evidence from Developing Countries Wilfried A. KOUAMÉ, Sampawende J.-A. TAPSOBA

This paper assesses the effects of structural reforms on firm-level productivity for 37 developing countries from 2006 to 2014 period. It takes advantage of the IMF Monitoring of Fund Arrangements dataset for reform indexes and the World Bank Enterprise Surveys for firm-level productivity. The paper highlights the following results. Structural reforms such as financial, fiscal, […]

janvier 2018 INFLATION TARGETING, FISCAL RULES AND THE POLICY MIX: CROSS-EFFECTS AND INTERACTIONS Jean-Louis COMBES, Xavier DEBRUN, Alexandru MINEA, René TAPSOBA

We examine how inflation targeting (IT) and fiscal rules (FR) affect inflation and fiscal performance in a large panel of countries during 1990–2009. In line with theory, both FR and IT appear to shape monetary and fiscal outcomes. Significant cross-effects seem to exist as IT strengthens fiscal performance, whereas the combination of FR and IT […]

décembre 2017 Impact of export upgrading on tax revenue in developing and high-income countries Sena Kimm GNANGNON, Jean-François BRUN

Empirical studies usually analyse the relationship between an economy’s trade sector and tax revenue in developing countries through the e ect of trade liberalization on tax revenue. This paper takes a di erent angle by examining the impact of export upgrading strategies (export diversi cation and improvement in export quality) on non-resource tax revenue. The […]