mars 2018 [2018-2]Inégalités et vulnérabilités en Nouvelle-Calédonie Michaël GOUJON

This short note recalls the debated conclusions of the literature on the impact of decolonization for small islands. It also presents an overview of compared performances of New-Caledonia in terms of human development and inequalities. It concludes with some thoughts on the vulnerability of New-Caledonia, in the face of climate change particularly.

mars 2018 Optimal Education Policy and Human Capital Accumulation in the Context of Brain Drain Slobodan DJAJIĆ, Frédéric DOCQUIER, S. Michael MICHAEL

This paper revisits the question of how brain drain affects the optimal education policy of a developing economy. Our framework of analysis highlights the complementarity between public spending on education and students’ efforts to acquire human capital in response to career opportunities at home and abroad. Given this complementarity, we .find that brain drain has […]

mars 2018 Global Migration in the 20th and 21st Centuries: the Unstoppable Force of Demography Thu Hien DAO, Frédéric DOCQUIER, Mathilde MAUREL, Pierre SCHAUS

This paper sheds light on the global migration patterns of the past 40 years, and produces migration projections for the 21st century, for two skill groups, and for all relevant pairs of countries. To do this, we build a simple model of the world economy, and we parameterize it to match the economic and socio-demographic […]

mars 2018 Birthplace Diversity and Economic Growth: Evidence from the US States in the Post-World War II Period Frédéric DOCQUIER, Riccardo TURATI, Jérôme VALETTE, Chrysovalantis VASILAKIS

This paper empirically revisits the impact of birthplace diversity on economic growth. We use panel data on US states over the 1960-2010 period. This rich data set allows us to better deal with endogeneity issues and to conduct a large set of robustness checks. Our results suggest that diversity among college-educated immigrants positively affects economic […]

mars 2018 The Geography of Talent: Development Implications and Long-Run Prospects Michal BURZYŃSKI, Christoph DEUSTER, Frédéric DOCQUIER

This paper characterizes the recent evolution of the geographic distribution of talent, and studies its implications for development inequality. Assuming the continuation of recent educational and immigration policies, it produces integrated projections of income, population, urbanization and human capital for the 21st century. To do so, we develop and parameterize a two-sector, two-class, world economy […]

mars 2018 Do emigrants self-select along cultural traits? Evidence from the MENA countries Frédéric DOCQUIER, Aysit TANSEL, Riccardo TURATI

This paper empirically investigates whether emigrants from MENA countries self-select on cultural traits such as religiosity and gender-egalitarian attitudes. To do so, we use Gallup World Poll data on individual opinions and beliefs, migration aspirations, short-run migration plans, and preferred destination choices. We find that individuals who intend to emigrate to OECD, high-income countries exhibit […]

mars 2018 Exploiter un SIG urbain afin d’évaluer les aléas et la vulnérabilité en milieu urbain : le cas de la ville d’Arequipa Olivier SANTONI, M. GUITTON, A. ARGUEDAS, J. VASQUEZ, Jean-Claude THOURET

Chapitre de l’ouvrage Cartographie des risques volcaniques et hydrologiques – Application à la ville d’Arequipa et à d’autres cités menacées, publié suite à l’atelier international “Cartographie des aléas et du risque volcaniques, en particulier les écoulements d’origine volcanique et hydro-météorologique en milieu urbain : le cas de la ville d’Arequipaet du volcán Misti et autres […]

mars 2018 CO2 mitigation in developing countries: the role of foreign aid Mohamed BOLY

This paper empirically investigates the link between foreign aid and pollution, specifically CO2 emissions in developing countries. We use a more complete and recent dataset to re-assess the environmental impact of foreign aid. Focusing on 112 aid recipient countries over the period 1980 – 2013, we find that the effect of aid depends on the […]

février 2018 Quality doesn’t speak for itself: Evidence from the Senegalese onion market Tanguy BERNARD, Alain de JANVRY, Samba MBAYE, Elisabeth SADOULET

Agriculture market reforms that allow quality recognition enable farmers to capture higher prices and lead to adoption of better technology. A lire sur VoxDEv  

février 2018 A Physical Vulnerability to Climate Change Index: Which are the most vulnerable developing countries? Mathilde CLOSSET, Sosso FEINDOUNO, Patrick GUILLAUMONT, Catherine SIMONET

The recognition of climate change as a dominant issue for the global economy and policy has led to a search for resources for financing mitigation and adaptation. While raising funds for mitigation and for adaptation meet similar problems, their allocation between countries cannot be ruled by the same criteria. For the  concessional funds devoted to […]