Publications

novembre 2019 Voluntary medical male circumcision and HIV in Zambia: Expectations and observations Michel GARENNE

The study analysed the HIV/AIDS situation in Zambia six years after the onset of mass campaigns of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC). The analysis was based on data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in 2001, 2007 and 2013. Results show that HIV prevalence among men aged…

novembre 2019 Challenges of decentralized electrification for economic development: Lessons from experience Jean-Claude BERTHÉLEMY

This paper uses a meta-analysis to investigate the challenges of decentralized electrification for economic development. It uses an original database which has evaluation data on more than 400 projects. Technological innovations, notably for solar energy, are opening new space for electrificati…

octobre 2019 Y a-t-il une stratégie dans l’aide publique au développement en santé de la Chine en Afrique ? Marlène GUILLON, Jacky MATHONNAT

La Chine fait désormais partie des dix plus grands donateurs bilatéraux pour l’aide publique au développement (APD) en santé en Afrique. Notre objectif est d’étudier les facteurs associés à l’aide à la santé chinoise en Afrique sur la période 2006-2013. L’APD en santé de la Chine est mesurée à pa…

septembre 2019 Climate Change, Inequality, and Human Migration Michal BURZYŃSKI, Jaime DE MELO, Frédéric DOCQUIER

This paper investigates the long-term implications of climate change on local, interregional, and international migration of workers. For nearly all of the world’s countries, our micro-founded model jointly endogenizes the effects of changing temperature and sea level on income distribution and i…

septembre 2019 Supporting Education in Africa: Challenges and Opportunities for the Impact lnvestor Tom DILLY, Francesca MARCHETTA

En Janvier 2019, Investisseurs & Partenaires et le Gouvernement Princier de Monaco signaient un accord de partenariat pour créer le premier fonds d’impact dédié à l’éducation en Afrique.

août 2019 Analyzing the Financial Sustainability of User Fee Removal Policies: A Rapid First Assessment Methodology with a Practical Application for Burkina Faso Martine AUDIBERT, Salam BELEM, Jacky MATHONNAT

The purpose of this paper is to briefly present a methodological framework that does not require cumbersome investigations for a first assessment of the financial sustainability of policies aiming to remove or reduce healthcare user fees (the so-called free healthcare policy [FHCP]). This paper i…

mai 2019 Telecommunication Submarine- Cable Deployment and the Digital Divide in Sub-Saharan Africa Joël CARIOLLE

This paper estimates the impact of fiber-optic submarine cables (SMCs) deployment on the digital divide in 46 sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. It shows that the laying of SEACOM, MainOne and EASSy cables has yielded a 3-4% point increase in internet penetration rates. Moreover, it also shows …

avril 2019 Telecommunications submarine cable vulnerability and local performance of firms in developing and transition countries Joël CARIOLLE, Maëlan LE GOFF, Olivier SANTONI

We estimate the impact of Internet diffusion on local firm performance in developing and transition economies, by adopting an instrumental variable approach reflecting firm’s vulnerability to seismic shocks upon the telecommunications submarine cable (SMC) network. IV within fixed-effect estima…

avril 2019 Innovation, exports, productivity and investment climate; a study based on Indian manufacturing firm-level data Patrick PLANE, Marie-Ange VEGANZONES-VAROUDAKIS

In this paper, we use univariate instrumental estimations to study the interactions between firm-level innovation, exports and productivity in the Indian manufacturing sector. To differentiate incentives to innovate from the ability to innovate, we distinguish the inputs of innovation (R&D and tr…

mars 2019 Geography of skills and global inequality Michal BURZYŃSKI, Christoph DEUSTER, Frédéric DOCQUIER

This paper analyzes the factors underlying the evolution of the worldwide distribution of skills and their implications for global inequality. We develop and parameterize a two-sector, two-class, world economy model that endogenizes education and mobility decisions, population growth, and income …