avril 2018 Decentralization, spending efficiency and pro-poor outcomes in Morocco Maria EL KHDARI, Babacar SARR

This paper studies how decentralization affects poverty, vulnerability, and inequality in Morocco, in the context of ongoing regionalization reforms. We use different non-parametric approaches to assess spending efficiency of Moroccan municipalities and regions over the period 2005-2009. The results indicate that the efficiency of spending in improving pro-poor outcomes is dependent on the fiscal autonomy […]

avril 2018 Deconcentration, political and fiscal decentralization, in Morocco Maria EL KHDARI

The paper examines how the Government of Morocco has addressed the issue of decentralization in recent years and how these processes have evolved and affected fiscal and public policies. More specifically, this paper analyzes the current legislative and institutional provisions governing administrative, political and fiscal decentralization in Morocco and presents a detailed analysis of the […]

avril 2018 School or work? The role of weather shocks in Madagascar Francesca MARCHETTA, David SAHN, Luca TIBERTI

We examine the impact of rainfall variability and cyclones on schooling and work among a cohort of teens and young adults by estimating a bivariate probit model, using a panel survey conducted in 2004 and 2011 in Madagascar—a poor island nation that is frequently affected by extreme weather events. Our results show that negative rainfall […]

mars 2018 Comment analyser le risque sociopolitique ? Une composante clé du risque-pays Camille LAVILLE, Clémence VERGNE

Les risques de nature sociopolitique constituent une dimension clé du risque-pays. L’expérience historique révèle en effet que les crises sociopolitiques peuvent durablement enrayer les processus de développement et conduire à une dégradation marquée des composantes économiques et financières du risque-pays. À titre d’illustration, un conflit civil coûte en moyenne à un pays en développement (PED) […]

mars 2018 [2018-2]Inégalités et vulnérabilités en Nouvelle-Calédonie Michaël GOUJON

This short note recalls the debated conclusions of the literature on the impact of decolonization for small islands. It also presents an overview of compared performances of New-Caledonia in terms of human development and inequalities. It concludes with some thoughts on the vulnerability of New-Caledonia, in the face of climate change particularly.

mars 2018 Optimal Education Policy and Human Capital Accumulation in the Context of Brain Drain Slobodan DJAJIĆ, Frédéric DOCQUIER, S. Michael MICHAEL

This paper revisits the question of how brain drain affects the optimal education policy of a developing economy. Our framework of analysis highlights the complementarity between public spending on education and students’ efforts to acquire human capital in response to career opportunities at home and abroad. Given this complementarity, we .find that brain drain has […]

mars 2018 Global Migration in the 20th and 21st Centuries: the Unstoppable Force of Demography Thu Hien DAO, Frédéric DOCQUIER, Mathilde MAUREL, Pierre SCHAUS

This paper sheds light on the global migration patterns of the past 40 years, and produces migration projections for the 21st century, for two skill groups, and for all relevant pairs of countries. To do this, we build a simple model of the world economy, and we parameterize it to match the economic and socio-demographic […]

mars 2018 Birthplace Diversity and Economic Growth: Evidence from the US States in the Post-World War II Period Frédéric DOCQUIER, Riccardo TURATI, Jérôme VALETTE, Chrysovalantis VASILAKIS

This paper empirically revisits the impact of birthplace diversity on economic growth. We use panel data on US states over the 1960-2010 period. This rich data set allows us to better deal with endogeneity issues and to conduct a large set of robustness checks. Our results suggest that diversity among college-educated immigrants positively affects economic […]

mars 2018 The Geography of Talent: Development Implications and Long-Run Prospects Michal BURZYŃSKI, Christoph DEUSTER, Frédéric DOCQUIER

This paper characterizes the recent evolution of the geographic distribution of talent, and studies its implications for development inequality. Assuming the continuation of recent educational and immigration policies, it produces integrated projections of income, population, urbanization and human capital for the 21st century. To do so, we develop and parameterize a two-sector, two-class, world economy […]

mars 2018 Do emigrants self-select along cultural traits? Evidence from the MENA countries Frédéric DOCQUIER, Aysit TANSEL, Riccardo TURATI

This paper empirically investigates whether emigrants from MENA countries self-select on cultural traits such as religiosity and gender-egalitarian attitudes. To do so, we use Gallup World Poll data on individual opinions and beliefs, migration aspirations, short-run migration plans, and preferred destination choices. We find that individuals who intend to emigrate to OECD, high-income countries exhibit […]