juillet 2018 Pour une cartographie intelligente des projets d’électrification décentralisée Jean-Claude BERTHELEMY, Arnaud MILLIEN

Par Jean-Claude BERTHELEMY,  Professeur à l’université Paris 1, dont il a dirigé le département  d’économie, co- directeur de l’axe de recherche « Economie du développement  durable » du centre d ’économie  de la Sorbonne et Arnaud MILLIEN,  Enseignant-chercheur au centre d’économie de la Sorbonne où il prépare une thèse sur l’effet de la fiabilité de […]

juillet 2018 Estimating the Relative Benefits of Agricultural Growth on the Distribution of Expenditures Ethan LIGON, Elisabeth SADOULET

Does the sectoral composition of aggregate economic growth affect poverty? We ask whether agricultural growth in developing countries increases the expenditures of poorer households more than growth in other sectors. While some reduced form analyses have tackled this question using either country-level time series data, regional panel data for one country, or cross-sectional country data, […]

juin 2018 Can low-and-middle income countries increase domestic fiscal space for health: a mixed-methods approach to assess possible sources of expansion Helene BARROY, Susan SPARKES, Elina DALE, Jacky MATHONNAT

To date, there has been no systematic effort to synthesize findings of domestic fiscal space for health (DFSH) assessments, despite the existence of a commonly applied conceptual framework. To fill this gap and provide support to policymakers designing health financing policies towards universal health coverage (UHC), this study uses both qualitative and quantitative methods to […]

juin 2018 Restoring market access: The case of the EU’s relaxation decision on origin requirements for selected Jordanian exports Jaime DE MELO, Stéphanie BRUNELIN, Alberto PORTUGAL-PEREZ

Rules of origin play a crucial role in preferential trade agreements, and they can also deny intended market access for preference receivers. This column examines a relaxation by the EU of the origin requirements for selected products from Jordan, which is intended to create 200,000 job opportunities for Syrian refugees. While the relaxation decision may […]

juin 2018 Escaping the fragility trap Paul COLLIER, Tim BESLEY, Adnan KHAN

Cutting extreme poverty in half is one of the greatest achievements of the last three decades. However, there is much more to do. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set the mission to eradicate extreme poverty by 2030. Yet nearly a third of the way towards that deadline, almost 900 million people are still living on less […]

juin 2018 Corruption determinants in developing and transition economies: Insights from a multi-level analysis Joël CARIOLLE

This paper re-examines the contribution of five major corruption determinants emphasized by the literature, through an empirical analysis based on a hierarchical modelling of firm-level corruption data. Exploiting a baseline sample of 34,358 bribe reports of firms from 71 developing and transition countries, I use a three-level estimation framework to study the contribution of the […]

juin 2018 Non-Tariff Measures: Economic Assessment and Policy Options for Development Jaime DE MELO, Alessandro NICITA

During the last 20 years international trade has been subject to an increasing number of policy measures aimed to regulate market access and/ or to ensure that imported products conform to public policy objectives such as consumers’ safety. These policy measures are generally referred to as non-tariff measures (NTMs) and comprise a vast and diverse […]

juin 2018 L’Observatoire de la compétitivité durable (OCD), un instrument au service de l’émergence et de la diversification en Afrique Patrick PLANE

La compétitivité est une obsession quel que soit le niveau de développement. Les pays africains sont particulièrement sensibles au phénomène du fait des exigences de diversification et des besoins qui naissent de la croissance démographique. La Fondation pour les études et recherches sur le développement international (Ferdi) a mis en place un Observatoire de la […]

juin 2018 Family Planning and Fertility Decline in Africa: From 1950 to 2010 Michel GARENNE

The study analyzes the links between family planning programs, contraceptive prevalence and fertility trends in sub-Saharan Africa. It is based on case studies of countries with demographic surveys. The study reveals a variety of situations. Some countries have completed their fertility transition, while others have reduced their fertility level rapidly in urban areas, but less […]

juin 2018 Le défi du renforcement des institutions publiques sahéliennes Serge MICHAILOF

La fragilité des Etats sahéliens est certes liée à leur vulnérabilité intrinsèque, produit de leur enclavement, de leur climat, de la faiblesse de leurs économies. Mais elle est aussi le produit d’une très grande faiblesse de leurs institutions. Leurs administrations à vocation économique en particulier sont aujourd’hui fragmentées en institutions peu coordonnées tant au niveau […]