Publications

septembre 2018 Fiscal Convergence in Africa: What Role for Regional Economic Communities? Daouda SEMBENE, Vigninou GAMMADIGBE, Ismaël ISSIFOU, Sampawende J.-A. TAPSOBA

The literature on Optimal Currency Areas (OCA) has identified several channels for the ex post justification of common monetary areas based on the synchronicity criterion. These include trade, cross-border investments, mobility of factors, mobility of goods and services, and fiscal convergence of member countries. We focus on the later for the African continent. We analyze […]

septembre 2018 Challenges ahead for Trade Promotion Organizations in Africa Mauro BOFFA, Jaime DE MELO

This study provides an anatomy of the activities of Trade Promotion Organizations (TPOs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, mostly LDCs. Both opportunities and challenges facing TPOs were identified by using a quantitative survey administered online and a structured questionnaire used during phone interviews. The study relied on ITCs’ TPO Network and contacts through FERDI and IGC. Of […]

septembre 2018 How Much Market Access? A Case Study of Jordan’s Exports to the EU Stéphanie BRUNELIN, Jaime DE MELO, Alberto PORTUGAL-PEREZ

The value of preferential market access schemes has fallen sharply. Drawing on a relaxation announcement of July 2016 simplifying origin requirements for access to the EU that should help improve market access, thereby contributing to alleviate the refugee crisis in Jordan, this paper argues that a simplification of origin requirements is a straightforward way to […]

septembre 2018 Cooperation in WTO’s Tariff Waters? Alessandro NICITA, Marcelo OLARREAGA, Peri SILVA

This paper examines the extent to which tariff cooperation is observed among World Trade Organization members. With the help of a simple political economy model, we show that tariffs are positively correlated with the importer’s market power when they are set noncooperatively but negatively correlated when set cooperatively. We use this prediction to empirically identify […]

août 2018 Information sharing, credit booms and financial stability: Do developing economies differ from advanced countries? Samuel GUÉRINEAU, Florian LÉON

This paper analyses the impact of credit information sharing on financial stability, drawing special attention to its interactions with credit booms. A probit estimation of financial vulnerability episodes—identified by jumps in the ratio of non-performing loans to total loans—is run for a sample of 159 countries divided into two sub-samples according to their level of […]

août 2018 Africanistan: Development or Jihad Serge MICHAILOF

Alors que les progrès en Afrique sont visibles dans tous les domaines, les migrants meurent tous les jours en Méditerranée. Le continent est en fait une poudrière. La poudre, c’est la démographie. Le détonateur, le chômage. Ce qui est inquiétant pour le continent est encore plus dramatique pour le Sahel, une immense région d’environ 100 […]

août 2018 L’électrification décentralisée dans les pays membres de l’UEMOA : enjeux, bilan et perspectives Jean-Claude BERTHELEMY, Vincent NOSSEK

L’UEMOA se trouve aujourd’hui face à un objectif ambitieux qui est l’accès universel à l’électricité d’ici 2030, objectif d’autant plus ambitieux étant donné la part importante représentée par la population rurale au sein de l’UEMOA. Cependant les récentes évolutions technologiques concernant les modes de production d’énergies renouvelables décentralisés permettent un regain d’optimisme quant à l’atteinte […]

août 2018 Les coûts à commercer en UEMOA : Impacts Potentiels de la mise en œuvre de l’Accord sur la Facilitation des Echanges (AFE) Jaime DE MELO, Laurent WAGNER

L’AFE, entré en vigueur le 22 février 2017, constitue un cadre ambitieux pour les pays souhaitant réformer en profondeur leurs infrastructures et institutions liées au commerce.  La commission de l’UEMOA a d’ores et déjà identifié un nombre de contraintes auxquelles font face les entreprises exportatrices mais aussi importatrices de la zone. Ces contraintes, telles que […]

août 2018 When social policy saves lives: Analysing trends in mortality inequality in the US and France Janet CURRIE, Hannes SCHWANDT, Josselin THUILLIEZ

Understanding how inequalities in health are related to inequalities in income is a key issue for policymakers. This column describes how despite increasing income inequality in both countries, the development of mortality has been very different in France compared with the US. The findings show that inequalities in income and health do not necessarily move […]

juillet 2018 Restoring Market Access: The case of the EU’s relaxation decision on origin requirements for selected Jordanian exports Stéphanie BRUNELIN, Jaime DE MELO, Alberto PORTUGAL-PEREZ

Rules of origin play a crucial role in preferential trade agreements, and they can also deny intended market access for preference receivers. This brève examines a relaxation by the EU (decision no.1/2016)[1] of the origin requirements for selected products from Jordan, which is intended to create 200,000 job opportunities for Syrian refugees. While the relaxation […]