Publications

September 2017 Trade Related Institutions and Development Jaime DE MELO, Marcelo OLARREAGA

The paper focuses on the role played by Trade Related Institutions (TRIs) in shaping trade flows and their development impact in low-income countries and how these TRIs are shaped by international trade. Three types of TRIs are examined: i) trade agreements; ii) trade promotion organizations; and iii) private TRIs, i.e. fair trade labelling, trading platforms […]

September 2017 The same, only different: estimating the magnitude of bribery in business surveys Frédéric LESNÉ

As first shown in Clarke (2011), Word Bank’s Enterprise Surveys data suggest that the magnitude of bribery estimated by firm owners and managers in Africa is considerably higher when estimates are formulated as a percentage of turnover rather than in monetary value. This working paper confirms these findings with a randomized experiment carried out in […]

September 2017 Quelle(s) Afrique(s) demain?

Préface de Jean-Pierre RAFFARIN – Avant-propos de Patrick GUILLAUMONT  « On ne sort de l’ambiguité qu’à son détriment », aimait dire François Mitterrand. Le défi de l’Afrique au XXIe siècle est de faire mentir cet aphorisme. Car elle ne peut plus se permettre le charme discret de l’ambiguité, d’être à la fois le continent à la croissance la […]

August 2017 La TVA dans les pays africains : un nouveau droit de douane ? Anne-Marie GEOURJON, Bertrand LAPORTE, Céline DE QUATREBARBES

Depuis deux décennies, la TVA a permis dans la plupart des pays africains de relever le défi de la baisse des droits de douane. Or, en Afrique moins qu’ailleurs, elle remplit les conditions permettant d’affirmer qu’elle est uniquement supportée par le consommateur final et sans effet sur les décisions des producteurs locaux. Cette situation crée […]

August 2017 Dynamic fuel price pass-through: Evidence from a new global retail fuel price database Roland Kangni KPODAR, Chadi ABDALLAH

We estimate the dynamic effects of crude oil price shocks on retail fuel prices, the pass-through, using the local projection approach of Jordà (2005). Using a novel monthly dataset of retail fuel prices in 162 countries over the period from 2000:1 to 2014:12, we find that: (i) retail gasoline prices respond positively to crude oil […]

August 2017 [2017-15]Does fiscal decentralization enhance citizens’ access to public services and reduce poverty? Evidence from a conflict setting Tiangboho SANOGO

This paper investigates whether, and how, the devolution of revenue raising responsibilities to municipalities enhances access to public services and contributes to reducing poverty in Côte d’Ivoire. The analysis uses a local government’ revenue and expenditure dataset from 2001 to 2011 for 115 municipalities in 35 departments. An adjusted multidimensional poverty index and a headcount […]

August 2017 [2017-14]Social representations of money: Contrast between citizens and local complementary currency members Ariane TICHIT

This article analyses the social representations of money from survey data. More specifically, it tests how organizers of a complementary currency system have a distinct perception of money compared to other citizens. The main results confirm the existence of significant differences between the two groups. The structure of their representations shows that for the local […]

August 2017 La question des conséquences socio-démographiques des crises économiques et politiques africaines Michel GARENNE

Cette note brève présente un résumé d’études antérieures concernant les impacts inattendus des crises économiques et politiques sur les paramètres socio-démographiques et sanitaires. Ces études sont présentées en détail dans un document de travail de la FERDI, qui comprend aussi une bibliographie sur le sujet. [Garenne 2016] Les pays d’Afrique sub-saharienne ont en effet connu […]

July 2017 Economic growth and escaping the poverty trap: how does development aid work? Ngoc-Sang PHAM, Thi Kim Cuong PHAM

This paper introduces a theoretical framework for studying the effectiveness of aid for a recipient country, receiving aid to finance its public investment. It contributes to the debate on the nexus between aid and economic growth and in particular on the conditionality of aid effects. Focusing on autonomous technology, government effort, corruption in the use […]

July 2017 Impacts Démographiques des Crises Africaines: Une perspective historique Michel GARENNE

The study presents various cases of demographic and health impacts of major crises, economic, political, epidemiological and climatic, that occurred in sub-Saharan Africa since 1960. The parameters studied were: child mortality, women’s fertility, urbanization, level of education of adults, age at first marriage, and height of adult women. Data were derived mainly from the Demographic […]