novembre 2017 [2017-0]Pauvreté, environnement et développement Michaël GOUJON

Quels phénomènes lient développement, pauvreté et dégradation de l’environnement ? Quelles perspectives politiques peut-on envisager, selon les indicateurs de vulnérabilité physique au changement climatique, auxquels l’auteur a travaillé avec la FERDI ?

octobre 2017 Ad-valorem equivalents of NTMs in ASEAN Olivier CADOT, Lili Yan ING

To obtain country specific estimates of ad-valorem equivalent (AVE) of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs), we propose a a new that relies on the estimation of bilateral trade flows on two-way panels (product X importer X exporter) at the HS 2-digit level with importer, exporter and product fixed effects and interaction terms between NTM variables and full […]

octobre 2017 Vulnerability and Resilience: A Conceptual Framework Applied to Three Asian Countries—Bhutan, Maldives, and Nepal Patrick GUILLAUMONT

This paper presents a conceptual framework for the study of the vulnerability of Bhutan, Maldives, and Nepal with a particular focus on the structural vulnerability. Three kinds of vulnerability have been considered for each country: economic, climatic, and political. Comparative assessment of countries is likewise undertaken using available and comparable indicators, e.g., economic vulnerability index […]

octobre 2017 Principes et application à l’UEMOA d’un indice d’engagement des Etats dans l’intégration commerciale Joël CARIOLLE, Anne-Marie GEOURJON, Audrey-Anne DE UBEDA

Le suivi de l’intégration régionale (IR) effectué sur la base des indicateurs usuels de conformité et de résultat est limité. Si les indicateurs de conformité se limitent à la dimension réglementaire des politiques d’intégration, les indicateurs de résultats de ces politiques sont influencés par des facteurs internes et externes : la croissance démographique, les mouvements internationaux […]

octobre 2017 Natural Disasters and Poverty Reduction: Do Remittances Matter? Alassane DRABO, Linguère Mously MBAYE

Do private funds help mitigate poverty in the context of natural disasters? This article aims to answer this question by looking at the joined effect of migrants’ transfers and natural disasters on poverty level in developing countries. Using panel data from developing countries over the period 1984–2010 and a fixed effects model, our results show […]

octobre 2017 Investment climate, outward orientation and manufacturing firm productivity: New empirical evidence Hoang Thanh Mai NGUYEN, Marie-Ange VEGANZONES-VAROUDAKIS

Drawing on the World Bank Enterprise Surveys (WBES), we revisit the link between investment climate and firm productive performance for a panel of enterprises surveyed twice in 70 developing countries and 11 manufacturing industries. We take advantage of the surveys done at different times in an increasing number of economies, to tackle the endogeneity issue […]

octobre 2017 Cultural proximity: a source of trade flow resilience? Céline CARRERE, Maria MASOOD

While the significant influence of cultural proximity on bilateral trade flows has been extensively documented in the literature, its possible role in times of crisis has not yet been raised. Relying on a panel estimation of a gravity model incorporating cultural proximity parameters, we evidence the existence of a significant surge in the impact of […]

octobre 2017 Effect of central transfers on municipalities’ own revenue mobilization: Do conflict and local revenue management matter? Jean-François BRUN, Tiangboho SANOGO

This paper analyzes the effect of the transfers from central government to municipalities on the revenue mobilization by municipalities in Côte d’Ivoire over the period 2001-2014. The analysis is based on a new carefully-constructed dataset covering the conflict and post conflict periods for 115 municipalities. A two-stage least squares estimator is combined with the Grouped […]

septembre 2017 Is fiscal policy always counter- (pro-) cyclical? The role of public debt and fiscal rules Jean-Louis COMBES, Alexandru MINEA, Mousse Ndoye SOW

We investigate the reaction of fiscal policy to the business cycle in a panel of 56 developed, emerging and developing economies over 1990–2011. While we strengthen the established finding that fiscal policy is counter-cyclical, additional outcomes emerge from this study. We reveal a non-linear response of fiscal policy to the business cycle, conditional upon the […]

septembre 2017 Labor Clauses in Trade Agreements: worker protection or protectionism? Céline CARRERE, Marcelo OLARREAGA, Damian RAESS

We explore the impact on bilateral trade flows of the inclusion of a labor clause (LC) in Trade Agreements (TAs). Using a gravity type framework, we find that the introduction of LCs has on average no impact on bilateral trade flows. However, there is some interesting heterogeneity. Exports of low-income countries benefit from the introduction […]