novembre 2017 Does the expansion of biofuels encroach on the forest? Derya KELES, Johanna CHOUMERT, Pascale COMBES MOTEL, Eric Nazindigouba KERE

In this article, we explore the role of biofuel production on deforestation in developing and emerging countries. Since the 2000s biofuel production has been rapidly developing to address issues of economic development, energy poverty and reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. However, the sustainability of biofuels is being challenged in recent research, particularly at the […]

novembre 2017 Postneonatal mortality impacts following grants from the Gavi Vaccine Alliance: an econometric analysis from 2000 to 2014 Robert John KOLESAR, Martine AUDIBERT

We completed a retrospective multivariate panel study to evaluate the effect of Gavi Vaccine Alliance grants on vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) postneonatal mortality. We separately tested a composite VPD mortality rate and five vaccine-preventable mortality rates: pertussis, meningitis, measles, diarrhea, and pneumonia (lower-respiratory infection) as dependent variables. All 77 countries eligible for Gavi assistance from 2000 […]

novembre 2017 [2017-0]Pauvreté, environnement et développement Michaël GOUJON

Quels phénomènes lient développement, pauvreté et dégradation de l’environnement ? Quelles perspectives politiques peut-on envisager, selon les indicateurs de vulnérabilité physique au changement climatique, auxquels l’auteur a travaillé avec la FERDI ?

octobre 2017 Natural Disasters and Poverty Reduction: Do Remittances Matter? Alassane DRABO, Linguère Mously MBAYE

Do private funds help mitigate poverty in the context of natural disasters? This article aims to answer this question by looking at the joined effect of migrants’ transfers and natural disasters on poverty level in developing countries. Using panel data from developing countries over the period 1984–2010 and a fixed effects model, our results show […]

septembre 2017 Quelle(s) Afrique(s) demain?

Préface de Jean-Pierre RAFFARIN – Avant-propos de Patrick GUILLAUMONT  « On ne sort de l’ambiguité qu’à son détriment », aimait dire François Mitterrand. Le défi de l’Afrique au XXIe siècle est de faire mentir cet aphorisme. Car elle ne peut plus se permettre le charme discret de l’ambiguité, d’être à la fois le continent à la croissance la […]

août 2017 Dynamic fuel price pass-through: Evidence from a new global retail fuel price database Roland Kangni KPODAR, Chadi ABDALLAH

We estimate the dynamic effects of crude oil price shocks on retail fuel prices, the pass-through, using the local projection approach of Jordà (2005). Using a novel monthly dataset of retail fuel prices in 162 countries over the period from 2000:1 to 2014:12, we find that: (i) retail gasoline prices respond positively to crude oil […]

août 2017 Social representations of money: Contrast between citizens and local complementary currency members Ariane TICHIT

This article analyses the social representations of money from survey data. More specifically, it tests how organizers of a complementary currency system have a distinct perception of money compared to other citizens. The main results confirm the existence of significant differences between the two groups. The structure of their representations shows that for the local […]

juillet 2017 Fast Internet, digital vulnerabilities and firm performances in developing and transition countries Joël CARIOLLE, Maëlan LE GOFF, Olivier SANTONI

This paper provides city-level evidence on the impact of fast Internet on firm performances in developing and transition economies. Over the last two decades, international connectivity has been boosted by the laying of more than 300 sub-marine telecommunication cables (SMC). Almost all coastal developing and transition countries are henceforth plugged to the global Internet, so […]

juillet 2017 What does demand heterogeneity tell us about health care provider choice in rural China? Martine AUDIBERT, Yong HE, Jacky MATHONNAT

The objective of this paper is twofold: 1) to fill the gap in the health care literature with the estimation of the price and distance effects on health care provider choices by households in the presence of varying demand heterogeneity, 2) to contribute to estimation robustness by confronting the performance of the mixed multinomial logit […]

juillet 2017 Electricity supply reliability and households decision to connect to the grid Arnaud MILLIEN

The 7th Sustainable Development Goal aims to « ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all ». Because the cost to increase electrical capacity in Africa alonehas been estimated at $800bn, this article investigates the extent to which electricity reliability could contribute to a reduction in the marginal cost of grid extension by attracting […]