juillet 2017 Fast Internet, digital vulnerabilities and firm performances in developing and transition countries Joël CARIOLLE, Maëlan LE GOFF, Olivier SANTONI

This paper provides city-level evidence on the impact of fast Internet on firm performances in developing and transition economies. Over the last two decades, international connectivity has been boosted by the laying of more than 300 sub-marine telecommunication cables (SMC). Almost all coastal developing and transition countries are henceforth plugged to the global Internet, so […]

juillet 2017 Planning familial et fécondité en Afrique subsaharienne Michel GARENNE

Introduction La maîtrise de la fécondité est une condition nécessaire du développement sur le long terme. Une trop forte fécondité entraîne inéluctablement une croissance démographique insoutenable qui aurait d’innombrables répercussions sur l’économie comme sur l’environnement et la sécurité. D’ailleurs, les pays développés ainsi que les pays en développement à revenu intermédiaire ont tous réalisé leur […]

juillet 2017 Planning familial et fécondité en Afrique : Évolutions de 1950 à 2010 Michel GARENNE

L’article retrace les liens entre planning familial, prévalence de la contraception et tendances de la fécondité en Afrique subsaharienne, à partir d’études de cas portant sur les pays disposant d’enquêtes démographiques. L’étude montre que certains pays ont terminé leur transition de la fécondité, que d’autres ont réduit leur fécondité rapidement en milieu urbain, mais moins […]

juillet 2017 What does demand heterogeneity tell us about health care provider choice in rural China? Martine AUDIBERT, Yong HE, Jacky MATHONNAT

The objective of this paper is twofold: 1) to fill the gap in the health care literature with the estimation of the price and distance effects on health care provider choices by households in the presence of varying demand heterogeneity, 2) to contribute to estimation robustness by confronting the performance of the mixed multinomial logit […]

juillet 2017 Electricity supply reliability and households decision to connect to the grid Arnaud MILLIEN

The 7th Sustainable Development Goal aims to « ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all ». Because the cost to increase electrical capacity in Africa alonehas been estimated at $800bn, this article investigates the extent to which electricity reliability could contribute to a reduction in the marginal cost of grid extension by attracting […]

juillet 2017 [2017-0]Pauvreté, environnement et développement Michaël GOUJON

Quels phénomènes lient développement, pauvreté et dégradation de l’environnement ? Quelles perspectives politiques peut-on envisager, selon les indicateurs de vulnérabilité physique au changement climatique, auxquels l’auteur a travaillé avec la FERDI ?

juillet 2017 Integration along the Abuja road map – A progress report Jaime DE MELO, Meriem NOUAR, Jean-marc SOLLEDER

This paper reviews integration among the eight African Regional Economic Communities by comparing their characteristics and progress with three other South–South Regional Integration Arrangements.  Three conclusions emerge: (i) slow progress towards meeting overly ambitious objectives; (ii) small changes in the destination of trade across all Regional Economic Communities, indicative of persistent high trade costs and […]

juin 2017 Mining taxation in Africa: The gold mining industry in 14 countries from 1980 to 2015 Bertrand LAPORTE, Céline DE QUATREBARBES, Yannick BOUTERIGE

The lack of information about the sharing of mining resource rent between governments and investors is an easy statement to make for Africa. The existing datasets are often insufficient for a deep analysis of African tax law as applied to the natural resource sectors, which has limited the academic and operational approaches. This paper describes […]

juin 2017 Is fiscal policy always counter- (pro-) cyclical? The role of public debt and fiscal rules Jean-Louis COMBES, Alexandru MINEA, Mousse Ndoye SOW

We investigate the reaction of fiscal policy to the business cycle in a panel of 56 developed, emerging and developing economies over 1990–2011. While we strengthen the established finding that fiscal policy is counter-cyclical, additional outcomes emerge from this study. We reveal a non-linear response of fiscal policy to the business cycle, conditional upon the […]