novembre 2017 Vers quelle transformation structurelle en Afrique? Jaime DE MELO

L’Afrique subsaharienne a renoué avec la croissance. Pour poursuivre sa transformation structurelle nonobstant le faible tissu industriel et les côuts élevés de sa main d’œuvre, l’adoption de politiques visant  à faciliter l’entrepreneuriat dans les secteurs de services prometteurs est crucial. Ces politiques devraient aider à confronter le défi d’absorber les millions de jeunes qui vont […]

novembre 2017 Policy responses to terms of trade shocks Pierre JACQUET, Alexis ATLANI, Marwan LISSER

Terms-of-trade shocks are important determinants of long-term growth in commodity-rich developing countries. Transforming commodity assets into engines of development requires confronting two interrelated challenges: a long-term one of moving from commodity dependency to a diversified productive economy, a short-term one of managing commodity price volatility. Both challenges call for appropriate policies. The complexity of the […]

novembre 2017 Does the expansion of biofuels encroach on the forest? Derya KELES, Johanna CHOUMERT, Pascale COMBES MOTEL, Eric Nazindigouba KERE

In this article, we explore the role of biofuel production on deforestation in developing and emerging countries. Since the 2000s biofuel production has been rapidly developing to address issues of economic development, energy poverty and reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. However, the sustainability of biofuels is being challenged in recent research, particularly at the […]

novembre 2017 Minimum age regulation and child labor: New evidence from Brazil Olivier BARGAIN, Delphine BOUTIN

We suggest new evidence on minimum age regulations using a natural experiment. In 1998, a constitutional reform has changed the minimum working age from 14 to 16 in Brazil. The reform was the legislative counterpart of a broad set of measures taken by a government strongly committed to fighting child labor. We document the fact […]

novembre 2017 Guest Post: Against the “More-Is-Better” Principle in Corruption Survey Design Frédéric LESNÉ

A series of recent posts on this blog have addressed a persistent difficulty with corruption experience surveys: the reticence problem–in other words, the reluctance of respondents to give honest answers to questions about sensitive behaviors–which may be caused by fear of retaliation or by “social desirability” bias (fear of “looking bad” to an interviewer) Various […]

novembre 2017 Microeconomic mechanisms behind export spillovers from FDI: evidence from Bulgaria Andrea CIANI, Michele IMBRUNO

This paper studies how the presence of multinational enterprises affects the export performance of Bulgarian manufacturing firms—export spillovers from FDI. Using export data at the firm/product/destination level for the period 2004–2006, it finds positive forward spillover on export value and quantity, related to quality upgrading. Conversely, it finds negative (or insignificant) backward and horizontal spillover […]

novembre 2017 The Elasticity of the Migrant Labour Supply: Evidence from Temporary Filipino Migrants Simone BERTOLI, Jesús FERNÁNDEZ-HUERTAS MORAGA, Sekou KEITA

The effect of immigration on host and origin countries is mediated by the way migrants take their labour supply decisions. We propose a simple way of integrating the traditional random utility maximisation model used to analyse location decisions with a classical labour demand function at destination. Our setup allows us to estimate a general upper […]

novembre 2017 Postneonatal mortality impacts following grants from the Gavi Vaccine Alliance: an econometric analysis from 2000 to 2014 Robert John KOLESAR, Martine AUDIBERT

We completed a retrospective multivariate panel study to evaluate the effect of Gavi Vaccine Alliance grants on vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) postneonatal mortality. We separately tested a composite VPD mortality rate and five vaccine-preventable mortality rates: pertussis, meningitis, measles, diarrhea, and pneumonia (lower-respiratory infection) as dependent variables. All 77 countries eligible for Gavi assistance from 2000 […]

novembre 2017 Trois propos sur le financement de la recherche pour le développement Matthieu BOUSSICHAS, Patrick GUILLAUMONT
novembre 2017 How a Results-Based Financing approach can contribute to the health Sustainable Development Goals – Policy-oriented lessons: what we know, what we need to know and don’t yet know Jacky MATHONNAT, Aurore PELISSIER

The ‘results-based financing’ (RBF) approach, an umbrella term, occupies a particularly important place in the debates regarding meeting the challenge of ‘better health for all at all ages’ as stated in the Sustainable Development Goals 3. Our analysis of the RBF schemes results published in the literature underlines five major points. 1. The RBF approach […]